In 2022 jamb runz to the announcement of one hundred days agenda of HRD of ministry by Hon’ble Human Sources development Minister, a New Policy on Distance Understanding In Larger Education Sector was drafted.
1. In terms of Entry 66 of List 1 of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India, Parliament is competent to make laws for the coordination and determination of standards in institutions for higher education for analysis, and scientific and technical institutions. Parliament has enacted laws for discharging this responsibility via: the University Grants Commission (UGC) for common Higher Education, the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) for Technical Education and other Statutory bodies for other disciplines. As regards larger education, by means of the distance mode, Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) Act, 1985 was enacted with the following two prime objectives, amongst other folks: (a) To present opportunities for larger education to a massive segment of population, specially disadvantaged groups living in remote and rural locations, adults, housewives and working folks and (b) to encourage Open University and Distance Education Systems in the educational pattern of the country and to coordinate and figure out the standards in such systems.
two. The history of distance mastering or education by way of distance mode in India, goes way back when the universities started offering education by way of distance mode in the name of Correspondence Courses by way of their Directorate/College of Correspondence Education. In those days, the courses in humanities and/or in commerce were supplied through correspondence and taken by those, who, owing to several reasons, which includes restricted quantity of seats in regular courses, employability, difficulties of access to the institutions of larger understanding and so on., could not get themselves enrolled in the conventional `face-to-face’ mode `in-class’ programmes.
3. In the recent past, the demand for higher education has improved enormously throughout the country due to the fact of awareness about the significance of greater education, whereas the program of greater education could not accommodate this ever rising demand.
four. Below the circumstances, a quantity of institutions which includes deemed universities, private universities, public (Government) universities and even other institutions, which are not empowered to award degrees, have started cashing on the scenario by supplying distance education programmes in a massive quantity of disciplines, ranging from humanities to engineering and management etc., and at different levels (certificate to under-graduate and post-graduate degrees). There is often a danger that some of these institutions might come to be `degree mills’ supplying sub- common/poor good quality education, consequently eroding the credibility of degrees and other qualifications awarded by means of the distance mode. This calls for a far higher degree of coordination amongst the concerned statutory authorities, primarily, UGC, AICTE and IGNOU and its authority – the Distance Education Council (DEC).
five. Government of India had clarified its position in respect of recognition of degrees, earned via the distance mode, for employment beneath it vide Gazette Notification No. 44 dated 1.3.1995.
6. In spite of the dangers referred to in para 4 above, the significance of distance education in supplying high-quality education and training cannot be ignored. Distance Mode of education has an essential part for:
(i)giving opportunity of finding out to these, who do not have direct access to face to face teaching, operating persons, residence-wives and so forth.
(ii)offering opportunity to working professionals to update their know-how, enabling them to switchover to new disciplines and professions and enhancing their qualifications for career advancement.
(iii)exploiting the potential of Information and facts and Communication Technologies (ICT) in the teaching and learning approach and
(iv)reaching the target of 15% of GER by the end of 11th Strategy and 20% by the end of 12th five year Strategy.
7. In order to discharge the Constitutional duty of determination and upkeep of the requirements in Larger Education, by making certain coordination among many statutory regulatory authorities as also to make sure the promotion of open and distance education system in the nation to meet the aspirations of all cross-sections of people for greater education, the following policy in respect of distance mastering is laid down:
(a) In order to make certain proper coordination in regulation of standards of greater education in various disciplines by means of many modes [i.e. face to face and distance] as also to make certain credibility of degrees/diploma and certificates awarded by Indian Universities and other Education Institutes, an apex body, namely, National Commission for Larger Education and Study shall be established in line with the suggestions of Prof. Yash Pal Committee/National Information Commission. A Standing Committee on Open and Distance
Education of the mentioned Commission, shall undertake the job of coordination, determination and upkeep of standards of education through the distance mode. Pending establishment of this physique:
(i) Only these programmes, which do not involve substantial sensible course perform, shall be permissible by way of the distance mode.
(ii) Universities / institutions shall frame ordinances / regulations / rules, as the case may be, spelling out the outline of the programmes to be provided via the distance mode indicating the number of expected credits, list of courses with assigned credits, reading references in addition to self finding out material, hours of study, make contact with classes at study centres, assignments, examination and evaluation procedure, grading and so forth.
(iii) DEC of IGNOU shall only assess the competence of university/institute in respect of conducting distance education programmes by a team of experts, whose report shall be placed ahead of the Council of DEC for consideration.
(iv) The approval shall be given only following consideration by Council of DEC and not by Chairperson, DEC. For the objective, minimum quantity of mandatory meetings of DEC may be prescribed.
(v) AICTE would be directed below section 20 (1) of AICTE Act 1987 to ensure accreditation of the programmes in Pc Sciences, Information and facts Technology and Management purposed to be offered by an institute/university by way of the distance mode, by National Board of Accreditation (NBA).
(vi) UGC and AICTE would be directed beneath section 20 (1) of their respective Acts to frame detailed regulations prescribing requirements for various programmes/courses, supplied by means of the distance mode beneath their mandate,